Causes of Sudden High Blood Pressure

The force exerted by the blood on the arterial walls while flowing from one organ to another is measured as blood pressure (BP). The optimal level of for a healthy adult is about 120/80 mm Hg. However, this level may suffer a dip or rise, owing to lifestyle habits, stress, and other changes in the body. Just as low BP is unhealthy, similarly, a high BP or hypertension can also prove to be risky. A person suffering from hypertension may show the figure as 140/90 mm Hg on a sphygmomanometer, a medical instrument used for measuring blood pressure. If this level rises suddenly, it can be a cause of grave concern, since it may also be an indication for some unhealthy disorders in the body. One of the best ways to prevent this is to go for a routine analysis to a health care provider. The following article highlights the causes of sudden high blood pressure.

List of Causes

The reasons for this condition in women and men are almost similar, i.e., it is experienced due to an increase in the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. There are several other reasons, a few of which are listed below.
One of the most common reasons is anxiety and stress. Episodes of anxiety and stressful conditions can cause your BP to increase suddenly. When the body undergoes stress or anxiety, certain hormones are released that make the heart pump faster, due to constriction of the blood vessels.
Another cause for momentary increase can be due to severe pain as a result of injuries. Sudden, stabbing pain can pump up the BP, as well as increase in the heart rate.
Pregnancy is one of the factors for experiencing this condition as well. It can be felt due to some complications like pre-eclampsia. This condition, due to fluid retention, can result when the body is unable to regulate pressure, which may result in fluctuations in the BP levels and lead to high BP during pregnancy.
Over-consumption of salt can also be one of the vital reasons. Excessive sodium intake may be because of eating too many processed foods and even because of junk food.
Weight issues like obesity is also responsible for the drastic increase. Since fat gets clogged in the blood vessels, insufficient blood is supplied to the heart. The heart needs to work extra to suffice the requirement of blood throughout the body, as a result of which there is a sudden rise.
A few other causes can be due to hormonal imbalances, excess caffeine intake, drug interactions, and the presence of kidney disease. Elevation is commonly noticed in patients undergoing dialysis.
According to a recent research, some doctors have observed that genetics also plays a crucial role when it comes to noticing high blood pressure. Individuals who have a family history of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases are at a higher risk of contraction them when compared to others who have no previous history.
Symptoms

A close observation of the signs and symptoms of this problem will be indicative of the presence of this health disorder. Given below are some of the signs for noticing a spike in the normal level.
Sweating profusely
Unable to stand or sit for a longer time
Shortness of breath or shallow breathing
A rapid increase in heartbeats
Dizziness and fainting spells
Feeling sleepy all the time
Blurred vision, and episodes of blackout
Nosebleeds
Unable to concentrate
Tinnitus, or ringing in either or both the ears
Nausea induced vomiting
Lethargy
Remedies

Lowering high BP is a must in order to avoid complications which may be life-threatening and also cause fatality in some cases.
Staying away from stress and anxiety will prove to be helpful. One of the best treatments without any side effects is practicing meditation and yoga.
A change in the lifestyle and following a proper exercise regimen will also help.
There are also several natural remedies to prevent it from increasing again.
Following a proper diet will also help.
Awareness regarding the dangers of this problem is always productive in avoiding its occurrence. Whatever be the reason, it is essential to regularly monitor the levels so that a rise or drop can be identified and prompt treatment provided. Take care!

Physical Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a manifestation of the stressful life we are leading today. The tensions that we carry in our day-to-day lives, take a toll on our physical and mental health. High BP is an example of a lifestyle disorder. The worst part about it, is that it does not exhibit peculiar symptoms like some other disorders. Hence, many people are oblivious of the fact that they have hypertension. Identifying the causes and eliminating them, is the only way of keeping it at bay. You could be at high risk of having high BP if-
You are a male over 40 years of age.
Your intake of salt and potassium is very high.
You are obese.
You smoke.
You lead an extremely stressful or absolutely inactive life.
If you are within the above mentioned risk group, you should regularly observe yourself, for symptoms of hypertension and report them immediately.

Symptoms

High blood pressure shares its physical symptoms with many other disorders. But, if you are aware that you are at risk and are experiencing the following physical conditions, then you can be sure that you are suffering from this condition.

Headache
If you constantly complain of headache, beware, as this might not be ‘just another headache.’ Frequent headaches are one sure sign of elevated blood pressure. And if you cannot figure out an apparent reason for the headache, you should immediately get your blood pressure checked.

Dizziness
If you experience dizziness every now and then, accompanied by sweating or palpitation, you could be suffering from high blood pressure. Dizziness can also be a symptom of some other serious disorders. In either case, see a physician.

Nausea
Nausea need not always be coupled with vomiting. An uneasiness in the stomach or a constant sick feeling can be a symptom of high blood pressure, especially if there are no other symptoms associated with it.

Drowsiness
Drowsiness is one of the major symptoms of high blood pressure. A person constantly feels the need to sleep and finds it difficult to keep his eyes open.

Blurred Vision or Loss of Vision
If you suddenly experience a blurred vision or complete darkness, you should immediately rush for medical help. Though this is a rare condition and need not always be due to hypertension, it is better to get your blood pressure checked.

Fatigue
If you are no longer able to perform prolonged physical activities, with the same vigor as before, it could be a sign of high blood pressure. Even daily activities can make you feel tired and fatigued, and drain out energy from you.

High blood pressure may not show any signs or symptoms at the onset. The symptoms only become evident when the blood pressure has elevated to a substantial level. Also, all those suffering from high BP, may not show all the symptoms. The occurrence of symptoms is rare and often mistaken for some other disorder. Hence, it is preferable to check your BP if you are within the risk group and you experience any of these symptoms on any occasion.

Herbs for High Blood Pressure

herb

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition that is often considered a lifestyle disorder. In most cases, hypertension develops gradually through the years, and do not have a specific cause. The risk factors include age, family history, obesity, pregnancy, stress, high levels of sodium intake, use of tobacco, lack of physical activity, alcohol consumption, and deficiency of vitamin D and potassium. Hypertension is a very common disorder in adults, but nowadays, children are also prone to this condition. This is due to their unhealthy dietary habits, lack of physical activity and poor lifestyle.

With higher incidence of this disorder, more and more people are resorting to herbal medicine and other stress relieving techniques. Here are some herbs, which are found to be effective for controlling hypertension.

Garlic: Garlic has already proved its worth as a culinary herb, but it has many health benefits too. It is believed to be beneficial for controlling hypertension and for promoting cardiovascular health. It is also good for lowering the bad cholesterol level, and is antibacterial in nature. According to some recent studies, use of garlic supplements may prove effective for controlling hypertension. However, use such supplements only after consulting your health care provider. It may cause side-effects, if taken with some prescription drugs.

Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo Biloba, a herb of Chinese origin, has been used for medicinal purposes, for thousands of years. It is found to be effective for lowering high blood pressure, as it dilates arteries and improves blood circulation. This facilitates increased blood flow to the brain, thereby enhancing the memory power.

Turmeric: This herb, which is commonly used in the Indian cuisine, has many medicinal properties. The active ingredient in turmeric, called curcumin, has antioxidant properties that help to control bad cholesterol, and improve blood flow by making the blood vessels strong. Turmeric is also good for liver metabolism.

Hawthorn: Otherwise known as mayblossom, hawthorn is a herb which has been used traditionally to treat hypertension. It is believed that, this herb enhances blood flow by dilating the arteries. Hawthorn reduces the risk of hardening of coronary arteries and strengthens heart muscles. It is better to take hawthorn in the form of herbal tea.

Ginger: Ginger is an indispensable ingredient, as far as Asian cuisine is concerned. It is good for improving blood circulation and for relaxing muscles around the blood vessels. This herb is also used for preventing nausea and is an effective digestive aid.

Olive Leaf: Olive leaf extract is found to be useful for controlling high blood pressure. It can also help to normalize irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia.

There are many other herbs used for treating hypertension. They include maitake mushroom, mistletoe, rauwolfia, lime blossom, saffron, asparagus, and hibiscus. Even spices, like cinnamon and cardamom may prove beneficial for lowering high blood pressure. To ensure the efficacy of herbs, they have to taken in prescribed quantities. You must buy good quality herbs and use them according to the instructions of a qualified herbal practitioner. It will be better to seek the opinion of your health care provider, before starting any herbal treatment for lowering high blood pressure. Following a healthy lifestyle, with a balanced diet and regular exercise, may also work wonders for preventing and controlling medical conditions, like hypertension.

Bloodshot Eyes and High Blood Pressure

Bloodshot eyes, also known as red eyes, is a condition in which the blood vessels in the sclera (white of the eye) dilate or swell, and appear red. It may occur due to many reasons, including illnesses, injury, etc. Sometimes, it can also occur due to a systemic condition or disease. The connection between bloodshot eyes and high blood pressure is indisputable. If left untreated, this could eventually lead to severe consequences that could culminate in permanent loss of vision.

Bloodshot Eyes Due to Hypertension
Constant red blotches on the sclera may indicate hypertension. It causes blood vessels to expand, or sometimes even burst, leaving red patches on the sclera. A subconjunctival hemorrhage is also considered to be the leading cause of bloodshot eyes.

A subconjunctival hemorrhage is a condition in which there is bleeding below the conjunctival layer. The conjunctiva contains many small and fragile blood vessels that can easily get ruptured. When this happens, the blood tends to leak into the space between the conjunctiva and the sclera. A subconjunctival hemorrhage may occur due to any kind of physical trauma to the eye as well. However, when it occurs due to high blood pressure, it indicates that the force with which the blood is flowing in the fragile capillaries is beyond the capacity of the lining cells. This results in ruptured capillaries, which further leads to leakage of blood and bloodshot eyes. This condition is normally self-limiting, although the person must try to bring down his blood pressure as soon as possible, to rule out the chances of any permanent damage to the eye.

It is essential to get in touch with an eye specialist if you have red eyes because if the redness is due to high blood pressure and if it is left untreated, a severe condition called hypertensive retinopathy may occur. As the name suggests, this is a condition in which blood vessels in the retina are severely damaged when the blood pressure is really high. If the blood pressure is high and it remains high for a long time, it may cause severe damage to the eye. Many people don’t experience any symptoms until the last stages, in which they may experience double vision, headache, sudden loss of vision, etc.

Home Remedies for Bloodshot Eyes
The most important thing to do to get rid of the redness in the eyes is bringing down the blood pressure at the earliest. It can be done by taking hypertension medications. By lowering the blood pressure, the redness should disappear. However, if the redness still persists, then one may use the following home remedies to deal with bloodshot eyes:
Taking vitamin A and vitamin B complex capsules may help to restore vision, as it is an essential vitamin for proper vision.
Eat spinach and take lutein, as it contains carotenoid, which is needed for normal functioning of the retina and eye tissue.
Use raspberry leaves to make tea, and when cool, soak a piece of cotton and apply it to the eye.
Take Ginkgo biloba, as it increases the oxygen that is available to the eye.
Other Causes of Bloodshot Eyes
There are many other causes for bloodshot eyes. This condition can occur due to hyperemia of the superficial blood vessels of the conjunctiva, sclera, or the episclera. It can also be caused due to other diseases and disorders as well, including:
Conjunctivitis
Blepharitis
Uveitis
Corneal Ulcer
Glaucoma
Injury
Dry Eye Syndrome
Stress
Dust
Dry Air
Allergies
Excessive Exposure to the Sun
Rubbing and touching the eyes constantly will only aggravate the condition. Rubbing may increase redness, while touching may cause the dirt and dust particles to scratch your eyeball. Hence, avoid these things, and above all, if the environment is the cause, change your location for a few days.